Saturday, December 18, 2010

Illiteracy in India

More than six decades have passed since India achieved independence from the British.Still India remains a backward country because more than forty percent of India's population is illiterate.Illiteracy is today one of the main problems facing the country and remain a major obstacle to national growth and development.

Though there has been a considerable increase in the number of schools and colleges,it has not kept pace with the rapid increase in population.As a result, large numbers of our children are denied education and hence remain illiterate. Another major reason for the wide-spread illiteracy in our country is the unaffordability of education , especially in the private schools.

The reasons for illiteracy are mainly financial.Since a vast section of the population lives below below the poverty line or just marginally above it,they cannot afford to send their children to private schools.In the backward interiors of the country , the number of government -run schools is very less, thus leaving a big gap between demand and supply resulting in widespread illiteracy..In addition , the poor need more helping hands at work, and so put they children to work at any early age.

The ill-effects of illiteracy are manifold. A nation whose large number of population are uneducated can never aspire to become developed and prosperous. It is only through education that people acquire knowledge and skills.Only when the population becomes skilled and employable , the industries can grow and create more jobs.
A country like the United states of America , owes its super power status and prosperity to its excellent education system.Quality education empowers the masses and inspires them to achieve bigger things.

It is not that the government  has been sleeping over the issue. Successive governments have introduced many schemes to improve the condition of literacy in India.In 1978,a nationwide adult-education programme was introduced to encourage adults to get themselves educated. . 'Sarva Shiksha Abhiyaan'  and 'Midday meal programme  in schools have been other measures adopted by the governmants to bring girls and kids from poor families to school.These measures have started showing results , of late and the literacy rate of India has slowly started to climb.

But a lot more needs to be done, and the government, NGO's and people must put in combined efforts to make more and more people literate.Our aim should be to achieve 100% literacy by 2030, so that we do not remain left behind in the march to progress.


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