Friday, December 17, 2010

Population explosion

For centuries of human existence on this planet, our population has remained in proprtion to the natural resources available and the other species that have existed. But there has been a rapid increase in human population in the past century.This sudden spurt in human numbers is called population explosion .It is threatening the very existence of the earth.

Population explosion is defined as a huge growth in human population over a short period of time leading to shortage of available resources on the earth.Population explosion today is one of he most serious problems the world is facing.A few centuries ago, the world's population was less than 1 billion. Today two countries alone, India and China have more than billion each. The world population stands at more than 7 billion.


The main reason for population explosion is the lack of education and awareness among the poor in developing and underdeveloped countries.Most of the rural population have no information and awareness about population  control mechanisms.Also for the poor man, an additional offspring means and additional helping hand to take him out of poverty in the future.

There are several reasons to rein in this monster called population explosion.The main factor however is the resultant shortage of natural resources.A countries natural resources like land,water and forests are limited.As population increases, these resources get depleted fast. Also the governments of respective countries cannot cope up with the ever-increasing demand for  man-made resources like houses,electricity, services like transport ,health education etc.The result of this widening gap between demand and supply is clearly visible in most developing nations with excess population.The cities are crowded and filthy, the share of poor people is very high, and services are inadequate.The scramble for resources leads to disputes and wars.

However there is a ray of hope that humans would definitely be able to put a check on population growth in the coming years. Increased government and non-governmental efforts have led to more awareness among people about population control and in many places , these measures have yielded great success.Government measures like two-child policy,taxing people for an additional child, and rewarding people who adopt family planning measures, have really found favour with the poor. China's population has already shown signs of stabilization, and India too, appears to follow suit in the next couple of decades.Once we find our way through this mess, the world will be a better place to live.

1 comment:

  1. It was very help for me as i had to write an essay on this topic!plz, keep posting essays!

    ReplyDelete